An assistant professor of chemical and biological engineering at Colorado School of Mines is working to develop a material to fill cavities while stimulating teeth to rebuild themselves—an innovation that would change the face of dentistry.

Melissa Krebs, whose research is focused on tissue regeneration, recently received one of Delta Dental of Colorado Foundation’s 2016 Innovation Grants, which will fund the development of mineralized materials with various formulations and the testing of how dental pulp stem cells react to these materials.

“We started a little over two years ago, working on mineralized materials to mimic bone, for bone regeneration,” Krebs said. A postdoctoral research associate on her research team, Jacqueline Harding, an inorganic chemist by training, “started exploring the mineral phase more than we had initially intended to,” Krebs said, and this resulted in a material that could be “tuned” to mimic the minerals in enamel, the visible part of the tooth, and dentin, the layer underneath the enamel.

The current treatment for cavities calls for dentists to root out the decay and fill the cavity with materials such as amalgam (an alloy of mercury, silver, copper and other metals), composite resins, porcelain and gold. “It’s purely a restoration of function,” said Krebs, who notes that this treatment is often painful, costly, cosmetically undesirable and “ultimately results in further deconstruction of the tooth matrix, which must be repaired.”

The material Krebs, Harding and PhD candidate Matt Osmond are developing would be applied to a cavity as an injectable hydrogel or moldable putty, depending on the size of the repair. While serving as a filling, it would biodegrade over time while recruiting tooth cells to make collagen, the building block of nails, hair and teeth, and mineralize it to restore the original structure of the tooth. “The material provides them something they can move into, and gives the right mineral signals for regenerating,” Krebs said.

The ability to tune the mineral content of the material to the environment of the implant site is unique to Krebs’ team. “Others have not taken the time to fine-tune the chemistry,” Krebs said. “We have more control than I’ve seen in the literature, and the ability to do it all from the same starting product—I haven’t seen anyone else do that.”

Mark Ramirez, Communications Manager, College of Applied Science & Engineering | 303-384-2622 |
Ashley Spurgeon, Editorial Assistant, Mines magazine | 303-273-3959 |

Colorado School of Mines has received a $7.5 million, five-year grant from the U.S. Department of Transportation to establish a University Transportation Center (UTC), focused on improving the durability and lifespan of underground transportation.

James R. Paden Distinguished Professor Marte Gutierrez from the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering is the lead on this interdisciplinary project that draws on the expertise and reputation of Mines’ Center for Underground Construction and Tunneling (UC&T).

“This is such a huge win for Mines,” said Professor Mike Mooney, the Bruce Grewcock University Chair and Director of UC&T. “This is the first U.S. DOT funded center at Mines and the first ever U.S. DOT center focused on underground infrastructure. This effort will build upon the strong foundation of UC&T at Mines and cements UC&T and Mines as the number one place in the world for underground construction and tunneling research and education.”   

In collaboration with affiliate partners, California State University, Los Angeles and Lehigh University, the new center includes research, education and outreach to make underground construction and transportation safer, more sustainable and more cost-efficient.

“We are running out of land, especially in urban areas. The only way to meet increased demand for transportation is to go underground,” explained Gutierrez. “Underground transportation and infrastructure is key to reducing congestion and pollution.”

UC&T graduate students explore an underground construction site.

The center hopes to work closely with industry leaders to develop advanced technologies that would avoid the problems that often extend the time and cost of underground construction. “Our goal is to help the construction industry,” said Gutierrez, “by providing tools, methodologies and technology for underground construction. We want to partner with the industry so that we can apply our findings, as well as offer continuing education courses—that’s how technology transfer really happens.”

Mines’ UC&T, started in 2011 with generous initial support from Mines alumnus Bruce Grewcock, has been leading efforts toward a more adaptive design system in the field of underground construction and tunneling. Boreholes and geological/geophysical surveys provide limited information on ground conditions until excavation starts. Predicted responses often differ from the reality once a project is underway. Gutierrez is proposing the use of adaptive computational modeling to align design with the site-specific geology. 

“We want to exploit the new knowledge we gain every time we excavate,” said Gutierrez. “The design must adapt. As we improve our understanding of the site’s geology, the design also improves, ultimately avoiding the unexpected high costs and extended timelines that can occur when the natural and built environments do not match.”

The center will also look at extending the life of existing aging infrastructures and how transportation infrastructure can best be repaired with the least impact on congestion. Ultimately, with cooperation from industry, the UTC at Mines will lead to increased safety, reliability and sustainability in underground transportation infrastructures.

“Marte has done such a fantastic job leading the successful proposal effort and now leading a great cross-campus interdisciplinary team,” said Mooney, referencing the diverse expertise of the faculty members who are involved in the project: professors Hugh Miller, Jurgen Brune, Rennie Kaunda and Department Head Priscilla Nelson from Mining Engineering; Andrei Swidinsky from Geophysics; as well as the Co-PIs: Gabriel Walton and Wendy Zhou from Geology, Eunhye Kim from Mining, and Reza Hedayat, Panos Kiousis, and Shiling Pei from Civil and Environmental Engineering—in addition to Mooney and Gutierrez.

Mooney added, “The Mines community of current students and alumni out there shaping the future of underground infrastructure should all be very proud.”   



Deirdre Keating, Communications Manager, College of Engineering & Computational Sciences | 303-384-2358 |
Ashley Spurgeon, Editorial Assistant, Mines magazine | 303-273-3959 |

A patented technology developed by Colorado School of Mines researchers for quick and accurate testing of bacterial infections has been licensed by a Golden-based start-up, which hopes to bring a product to market by 2018.

University Professor Emeritus Kent Voorhees, left, and Assistan Research Professor Christopher Cox in the lab

Cobio Diagnostics was incorporated in October 2016 and is the result of a partnership between Mines and Traxion, a business accelerator formed in January of this year and based in the historic armory building in downtown Golden.

The company hopes to develop and receive Food and Drug Administration approval for test strips—similar to over-the-counter pregnancy tests—that can detect the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus or “staph” in pets and distinguish between strains that can and cannot be treated with the antibiotic methicillin.  

Diagnosing a staph infection currently requires a blood or tissue sample that is incubated and then analyzed in the lab using microscopy or spectroscopy, a process that can take days.

“Shortly after we founded Traxion, we reached out to the Office of Technology Transfer at Mines looking for technology that hadn’t been commercialized and that Mines was enthusiastic about,” said Chris Cone, who started the business accelerator with Jennifer Thoemke.

Will Vaughan, director of technology transfer at Mines, pitched methods that were developed over a decade ago by Kent Voorhees, university professor emeritus of chemistry, and two of his PhD students at the time, Angelo Madonna and Jon Rees. “They were two of the best students I’ve had,” said Voorhees, who remains a research professor at Mines. The test they developed “is inexpensive, rapid and sensitive,” he said, and so it made sense to try to bring it to market.

A company called MicroPhage was formed in 2002 to license that technology, eventually producing tests for human use before filing for bankruptcy in 2013.

“We had gotten the patents back, and they were just sitting there,” said Vaughan. “There’s already been a lot of investment in it, and it went through FDA trials, so we know it’s good technology,” he added.

In addition, over the past decade or so, Chemistry Assistant Research Professor Christopher Cox, along with graduate students Nicholas Stambach, Kirk Jensen, Nicholas Saichek; postdoctoral fellow Stephanie Carr; technicians Stephanie Matyi and Megan Dupperault; and a cadre of undergraduates at Mines have advanced the work initially established by Voorhees.

Cox is gearing up to begin the initial Cobio work in the laboratory, and he believes these improvements in the sensitivity and accuracy of the technology will allow Cobio to surpass what was achieved by MicroPhage. "The technology that Cobio will actually get has been developed far beyond that which was used in the original product," Cox said.

Cone says continuing to collaborate closely with Mines, and making it an integral part of how the start-up is structured, will allow Cobio to avoid some of the missteps that made MicroPhage ultimately unsuccessful.

While Cobio is confident in the technology, it is taking measured steps in bringing it to market. “Although pets are under the jurisdiction of the FDA, the process for clearing a diagnostic test is still less stringent for animals,” Cone said. “It’s less risky, it’s a softer entry point, but it’s still a large market.”

From that stage, it won’t take much more work to move into the human market, said Cone, since the same strains of staph can be transmitted between humans and animals. The test could eventually be expanded to other bacteria, such as listeria and E. coli.

Cobio will bring together the inventors and a team of professionals who are experts in testing devices and have plenty of experience in winning FDA approval. “It’s an interesting marriage of academics, research and industry,” Cone said. “In some ways it’s still in the science phase, and we’re working to turn it into a product.”

“If we can pull it off, it’s quite compelling, and quite a revolutionary product,” said Cone, who hopes this collaboration with Mines becomes a model for future start-ups. “There’s at least one or two good ideas that could be spun out from Mines every year, whether they’re from alumni, researchers or even undergraduates.”

“We’re very excited about this one,” Vaughan said. “It’s a mature technology that can probably get to market very quickly. All the pieces are in place.”

Mark Ramirez, Communications Manager, College of Applied Science & Engineering | 303-384-2622 |
Ashley Spurgeon, Editorial Assistant, Mines magazine | 303-273-3959 |


Rui Zhao sits on the swing on the porch of Coolbaugh House at Mines.
Rui Zhao won the December 2016 Rath Award for the PhD thesis with the greatest potential for societal impact.

Computer science PhD student Rui Zhao was awarded Colorado School of Mines’ December 2016 Dr. Bhakta Rath and Sushama Rath Research Award. Thanks to the generosity of Bhakta Rath, associate director of Material Science and Component Technology at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, and his wife, Sushama Rath, the biannual Rath Award recognizes a Colorado School of Mines doctoral graduate whose thesis demonstrates the greatest potential for societal impact.

Zhao first discovered the complex world of cyber security after his parents bought him his first computer when he was in high school. “I used the computer as a gaming machine, but one day while playing a game, I noticed that nothing worked,” he said. “I spent a lot of time figuring out that my computer was infected with a virus and then how to remove it.” This experience, combined with learning programming language to help his mother create various automated reports for her job, directed him toward an interest in computer science and network security.

Advised by computer science professor Chuan Yue, Zhao’s dissertation explores the vulnerabilities and data protection in end-user applications, particularly those on web, cloud and smartphone platforms. “I wanted to first explore the vulnerabilities in those applications and then try to propose new, different techniques to protect our sensitive information,” Zhao explained.

In his dissertation, titled "Vulnerability Exploration and Data Protection in End-User Applications," Zhao addresses the most critical and challenging password security problems by systematically exploring a promising password manager approach, leading to two main contributions: a vulnerability analysis of two popular commercial password managers and another analysis of built-in password managers used by popular browsers as well as a cloud-based design. These analyses prompted at least one top web browser vendor and one third-party vendor to make necessary changes to their password managers.

Zhao also investigated sophisticated phishing attacks and performed a user study to evaluate the effectiveness of such attacks. Zhao said that he has seen these phishing attacks up close. During his studies at another institution, he witnessed the effects of a phishing email sent out from a compromised employee account, which led to individual paychecks being directly deposited into the attacker’s account. “I didn’t want to see that happen again,” Zhao said. “That’s the reason why security is so important.”

Yet digital security concerns do not end there. Many extensions exist for browser users to download and use; however, many of these extensions can accidentally leak private information and compromise the user. “Browser extensions can provide you with more functionality, but they can also access everything you access or even everything you type on a webpage,” Zhao said. “We found that many of those browser extensions collect your information, but they do not protect it, and it leaks out to the network.” To help combat this problem, Zhao designed and implemented a framework called LvDetector that combines program analysis techniques for automatic detection of information vulnerabilities in browser extensions.

These efforts are already starting to provide better security protection for Internet users, yet Zhao did not expect to win the Rath Award. “It was a Monday that my thesis was approved. That evening the dean of graduate studies called me and congratulated me,” Zhao said. “That was quite exciting, because I know only one PhD student can get this award and it’s really competitive. And I know the other candidates also had very strong backgrounds and publications. I was very lucky to receive this award.”


Ashley Spurgeon, Editorial Assistant, Mines Magazine | 303-273-3959 |
Deirdre Keating, Communications Manager, College of Engineering & Computational Sciences | 303-384-2358 |

Did you know that buildings use about three-quarters of the total electricity generated in the United States? And that during the summer months, buildings cooling systems account for about 50 percent of the electricity peak demand?

    Dr. Tabares-Velasco and his graduate student, Sajith Wijesuriya, present the new lab to prospective students.

These were the statistics that Mechanical Engineering Assistant Professor Paulo Cesar Tabares-Velasco shared as he led a group of prospective students through his new lab during Meet Me at Mines, an event for prospective students from historically underrepresented groups. These high school students were the first to get a look at the new lab that will celebrate its official grand opening in January 2017.

The Building and Thermal Science Lab, located on the fourth floor of Brown Hall, is a multi-purpose, state-of-the-art environmental chamber. It allows researchers to control the environmental conditions in which their experiments will take place. Whether testing the thermal performance of wall assemblies or thermal storage technologies such as phase change materials, the ability to set exact environmental conditions is essential.

“The lab offers a combination of sophisticated control, a tight environment, and accurate sensors,” explained Tabares. “This allows us to mimic indoor environments like an office for testing passive thermal storage and also outdoor environments. We also have one radiant (hydronic) wall that allows us to set its temperature independent of the room temperature, enabling thermal testing of different wall assemblies among other things.”

In this new lab, Tabares’ research team hopes to find ways to increase flexibility to the electric grid. “Buildings hold great potential, combined with thermal storage, to solve some of the great challenges related to energy, smart grid, and global warming,” said Tabares.

Tabares' students also focus on improving heating and cooling equipment, indoor air quality and comfort. The new lab includes advanced control and laboratory-rated sensors that accurately control and measure several variables:

  • Supply and return air flow rates
  • Indoor air temperature
  • Indoor air relative humidity
  • Wall surface temperature
  • Indoor concentration of CO2 and volatile organic compounds (VOC)

Senior and graduate students will also use the lab for teaching purposes, such as senior design projects and Tabares’ Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning class. Students will be able to control the supply air temperature and the relative humidity as well as air flow rate. The lab will be a hands-on source for learning about psychometrics (moist air properties and processes), indoor air quality, commissioning and thermal comfort.

Several industry leaders contributed to the Building and Thermal Science Lab, such as Building Automation Products, Inc. (BAPI) and EBTRON, which supplied the innovative sensors for temperature, humidity, and air flow stations.



Deirdre Keating, Communications Manager, College of Engineering & Computational Sciences | 303-384-2358 |
Ashley Spurgeon, Editorial Assistant, Mines magazine | 303-273-3959 |

Colorado School of Mines researchers have been awarded a National Science Foundation grant to develop a new way of assembling nanoparticles into materials with exotic optical properties that could allow, for example, “superlenses,” high-resolution sensors for biomolecules and cloaking devices that render objects invisible.

Artist's rendering of chiral clusters assembled from dielectric particles.

Principal investigator Ning Wu, associate professor of chemical and biological engineering, and co-PI David Wu, professor and head of the Chemistry Department, are collaborating on the project, titled “Electric-field Directed Assembly of 3D Chiral Metamaterials,” which has been award $270,000 by the NSF’s Division of Electrical, Communications and Cyber Systems.

An object or system is chiral if it can be distinguished from its mirror image—our left and right hands, for example, while otherwise identical, cannot be superimposed perfectly on each other. This phenomenon exists all the way down to the molecular level, where groups of the same atoms can be arranged differently and exhibit strikingly different physical and biochemical properties.

Scientists are already able to make chiral structures from top-down techniques such as E-beam lithography. However, such techniques are time-consuming and expensive. “It is extremely difficult to make fine structures with complexity,” Ning Wu said.

“We took a different route, which is so-called bottom-up assembly,” Ning Wu said. “It mimics how natural materials form.” The project will use Janus particles—nanoparticles with conductive and nonconductive hemispherical faces—which will arrange themselves into chiral clusters when placed in an electrical field that the researchers can control in three dimensions. The team plans to make electrodes that will allow them to achieve a high degree of control that has not been accomplished previously.

The resulting clusters will still be fairly small and would have to be observed using both optical and electron microscopes, “but this new way has the potential to make metamaterials in a scalable and cost-effective way,” Ning Wu said.

This technique could eventually be applied to particles made of different materials, such as dielectric or semi-conducting materials. “Part of the surface would be modified with a thin film of metal such as silver, and the coating itself could have chirality, too,” Ning Wu said.

Once the researchers have fabricated the chiral structures, they will measure their optical properties. David Wu will help perform numerical simulations to understand the impact of various parameters on the assembly process. The team will then optimize the fabrication process based on those measurements and modeling, Ning Wu said. “It’s going to be a feedback loop linking the material design, structure fabrication and property characterization.”

As part of the grant, the researchers will provide high school and undergraduate students with immersive research experiences on the topic. They will develop learning modules in collaboration with K-12 teachers, as well as multidisciplinary courses in soft materials and nanotechnology.

“The motivation is that there are a lot of potential applications once the structures and optical properties can be tailored in different ways,” Wu said. “Using electric fields to direct the assembly of those particles precisely is the exciting part.”


Mark Ramirez, Communications Manager, College of Applied Science & Engineering | 303-384-2622 |
Ashley Spurgeon, Editorial Assistant, Mines magazine | 303-273-3959 |

The presence of highly fluorinated organic chemicals, sometimes referred to as PFCs or poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), in groundwater continues to be a pressing issue for communities in Colorado and throughout the country. Faculty at Colorado School of Mines have led the research identifying the problem (Study finds high levels of toxic chemicals in drinking water) and, more recently, developing solutions (Mines tackles treating PFC-contaminated water).

Associate Professor Chris Higgins in his environmental engineering lab.

Now the Department of Defense’s Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) has awarded a three-year $1.5 million grant to Christopher Higgins, associate professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, to further investigate how PFASs are released, travel and react to other contaminants.

“The ultimate goal,” explained Higgins, “is to treat these PFAS sites.”

To do this effectively, Higgins and his team have proposed to first develop an understanding of how existing remediation technologies that are used to treat the co-occurring contaminants affect PFASs.

These co-contaminants include chlorinated solvents and fuel hydrocarbons, and are often found at sites where aqueous film forming foam (AFFF) has been used. PFASs have already had an impact on groundwater near military sites where AFFF was used, often mixed with these co-contaminants.

“My team will be conducting batch and column laboratory experiments, using field-collected groundwater and soil samples,” Higgins said. “We want to look closely not only at the compounds that are the focus of EPA Health Advisories, but also at how and under what conditions newly identified polyfluorinated PFASs are converted to the more problematic perfluorinated chemicals.”

Higgins will also investigate the interactions of PFASs with nonaqueous phase liquids, such as gasoline and oil. A fully synergistic remediation effort will require more data to develop technology to meet the sites’ requirements.

The research project, titled “Key Fate and Transport Processes Impacting the Mass Discharge, Attenuation, and Treatment of Poly- and Perfluoroalkyl Substances and Comingled Chlorinated Solvents or Aromatic Hydrocarbons,” is a collaboration between Mines, Oregon State University, CDM Smith and the University of California at Berkeley, with Higgins as the principal investigator.

A related project, also funded by SERDP, is being led by Jens Blotevogel, a research professor at Colorado State University, to treat PFCS with electrolysis-based technology.

Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program is the Department of Defense’s environmental science and technology program. It invests across a broad spectrum of basic and applied research, as well as advanced development, in an effort to solve environmental challenges with innovative environmental technologies that enhance and sustain military readiness.



Deirdre Keating, Communications Manager, College of Engineering & Computational Sciences | 303-384-2358 |
Mark Ramirez, Communications Manager, College of Applied Science & Engineering | 303-384-2622 |

As the population in U.S. urban communities continues to grow exponentially, so does the demand for appropriate housing and office space. Typically, in large urban areas this means building residential and commercial units that are up to 20 stories high, made with concrete or steel, as it has been done in the past century. Yet sometimes, these materials are not ideal in earthquake-prone areas.


A new timber structural innovation, known as cross laminated timber (CLT), is being implemented around the world as a sustainable alternative to conventional structural materials. In comparison to building with steel and concrete, timber outperforms in lightness, cost, speed of construction, and environmental impact. However, building tall with cross laminated timber has been limited in earthquake active regions, since a validated design method for tall CLT buildings to resist earthquakes has not yet been developed. Colorado School of Mines plans to change that, with the development of a resilience-based seismic design for tall timber construction.

Civil and Environmental Engineering Assistant Professor Shiling Pei aims to develop a seismic design methodology over the next four years for resilient tall wood buildings. “This project, scientifically, will answer a lot of questions we have regarding how to design [these buildings] and how to perfect their performance in earthquakes so that the buildings can be immediately reoccupied after a big earthquake,” said Pei, who is also the principal investigator on a $1.5 million award from the National Science Foundation (NSF) for the project, A Resilience-based Seismic Design Methodology for Tall Wood Buildings.

With six universities and multiple domestic and international industry partners collaborating on this project, researchers will design, build and validate the performance of a 10-story wood building by conducting a full-scale sub-assembly system testing at the Natural Hazards Engineering Research Infrastructure (NHERI) experimental facility at Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Penn. This will then be followed by a full-scale test at the NHERI outdoor shake table at the University of California at San Diego—the largest outdoor table in the world.

The model tested on the shake table will be an actual building designed to a resilience performance target, Pei explained, with everything from the finishing drywall to the windows. “This will be the largest building that has been tested on the shake table,” said Pei. But since this is a full-scale model and includes all building components, not just the structural framework, the project can get expensive.

In addition to the support from NSF, the research team still needs to raise approximately $800,000 in order to complete the project. They have already received interest from most industry leaders who see the benefits of their work, which would enable a new sustainable construction practice that is also cost-competitive. If successful, implementing the design method would increase the demand for engineered wood production, providing added value for forest resources and enhancing job growth in construction and forestry sectors.

The researchers expect to have all the designs and donations lined up by the end of 2019 with building anticipated to begin in 2020. “We are excited about the new data this landmark experiment will generate,” said Pei. “It could have an enormous impact on the tall timber building industry, and lead to new building practices using more sustainable materials.”



Ashley Spurgeon, Editorial Assistant, Mines Magazine | 303-273-3959 |
Deirdre Keating, Communications Manager, College of Engineering & Computational Sciences | 303-384-2358 |

ADAPT team members and the governor celebrate the new proclamation.

ADAPT team members celebrate the Governor's proclamation, naming October Colorado Manufacturing Month.
Left to right: Aaron Stebner, Katie Woslager, Governor John Hickenlooper, Brandan Kappes, Mickele Bragg, Sumer Sorensen-Bain,
Heidi Hostetter, Craig Brice, Alicia Svaldi and Douglas Van Bossuyt.

Colorado School of Mines and Manufacturer’s Edge hosted Governor John Hickenlooper on September 30 to tour the Alliance for the Development of Additive Processing Technologies (ADAPT) advanced characterization center and meet with the center's founding stakeholders. The governor also used the occasion to announce October as Manufacturing Month in Colorado.

ADAPT is a consortium that provides manufacturers access to the latest research on how to take advantage of additive manufacturing technologies. In addition to Mines and Manufacturer's Edge, ADAPT's founding stakeholders include Lockheed Martin, Ball Aerospace, and Fauston Tool. ADAPT companies work closely with Mines researchers and students on world-class machines to develop technologies to accelerate certification and qualification of 3-D printed metal parts. 

Governor Hickenlooper toured the facility and met with manufacturing leaders to discuss the growth of the sector and the role of the Colorado Office of Economic Development and International Trade’s (OEDIT) Advanced Industry Infrastructure grant program. ADAPT was started with support from the State of Colorado in the form of an Advanced Industries Infrastructure Grant from OEDIT.

”Colorado is home to 6,000 manufacturers that contribute $20 billion to the state’s economy. ADAPT is consistent with Colorado’s collaborative culture,” said Governor Hickenlooper. “It provides our entrepreneurial manufacturers the ability to work closely with university researchers to develop the next generation of technologies.”

“Innovation is the key to survival and growth for small and medium manufacturers,” said Heidi Hostetter, vice-president at Arvada-based Faustson Tool. “Through ADAPT, manufacturers of all sizes looking to incorporate the flexibility of 3-D metal printing into their portfolio will have access to cutting-edge research and help shape the future of the industry.”

Gov. Hickenlooper listens as Research Associate Professor Branden Kappes describes the work of ADAPT.

This tour kicked off Manufacturing DayTM celebrations in Colorado, which continue throughout the month of October. Manufacturing Day is an annual celebration of modern manufacturing meant to inspire the next generation of manufacturers, including Mines students.

“In Colorado, one day is not enough to recognize our manufacturers— so we are declaring October ‘Colorado Manufacturing Month,’” said Governor Hickenlooper as he presented a proclamation during his visit.

As ADAPT continues its work, the consortium is actively seeking additional academic and industry partners. Analysis is underway on more than 5,000 specimens with respect to build geometry, power, speed, number of lasers used and more, to build a robust database.


The Alliance for the Development of Additive Processing Technologies (ADAPT) is a research and development organization dedicated to the creation of next-generation data informatics and advanced characterization technologies for additive manufacturing technologies. ADAPT uses these tools to help industry and government qualify, standardize, assess and optimize advanced manufacturing processes and parts. Several levels of membership to the ADAPT consortium are available. Founding industry members include Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp., Faustson Tool, Lockheed Martin and Citrine Informatics. Grant funding from OEDIT was provided to Manufacturer’s Edge and The National Institute of Standards and Technology’s Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership. For more information, find ADAPT on the web, LinkedIn, Facebook or Twitter.

About Manufacturer’s Edge

Manufacturer’s Edge is a statewide manufacturing assistance center, partially funded by NIST’s Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP). Manufacturer’s Edge provides onsite technical assistance, coaching, training and consulting, as well as collaboration-focused industry programs and leveraging government, university and economic development partnerships to boost the competitiveness of Colorado manufacturers.



Aaron Stebner, Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering
ADAPT Technical Director 
ADAPT – Alliance for the Development of Additive Processing Technologies
(303) 273-3091

Sumer Sorensen-Bain, Chief of Programs and Operations
Manufacturer’s Edge

Colorado School of Mines Geology PhD student Sebastian Cardona was awarded the Stephen E. Laubach Structural Diagenesis Award during the Geological Society of America’s 2016 Annual Meeting, held September 25-28 in Denver.
Cardona after receiving the Laubach award, with advisor Lesli Wood.

Cardona after receiving the Laubach award, with advisor Lesli Wood.

Cardona represented Mines’ Department of Geology and Geological Engineering at the conference with Professor Lesli Wood, his advisor and lead of the Sedimentary Analogs Database and Research Consortium.

The award promotes research combining structural geology and diagenesis, highlighting the growing need to break down disciplinary boundaries between structural geology and sedimentary petrology.
Cardona’s research exemplifies this interdisciplinary focus by integrating different data sets and methodologies such as seismic, well log, outcrops and microscopic data. His goal is to use these multidisciplinary data sets to understand the sealing properties of mass transport deposits in deep water settings. 
“Sebastian is one of many great student researchers we have in the SAnD research program who capture the integrative nature of science here at Mines,” said Wood. “I am proud of his work and the recognition he has received.”
Agata Bogucka, Communications Manager, College of Earth Resource Sciences & Engineering | 303-384-2657 |
Mark Ramirez, Communications Manager, College of Applied Science & Engineering | 303-384-2622 |


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